Kalikapurana: Hymn to Shiva as the Lingam

This beautiful, moving hymn is sung by Brahma and various gods to console Shiva in the eighteenth chapter of Kalikapurana. This episode is the account of Shiva’s grief after the famous clash between Sati and her father Daksha.

Sati has just left her body after being disrespected by her father, Daksha. In reality, Sati is Kali, and had taken incarnation as Daksha’s daughter as a boon to him for his sincere worship, but warned him that she would leave her body the moment he showed any disrespect to her or forgot that She was the Mother of the World. Additionally, as a favor to the Gods, she takes birth to woo Shiva, who has forgotten his responsibility to the world and has become too immersed in his ascetic lifestyle. Daksha holds a great sacrifice and does not invite Sati or Shiva, Sati follows through on her promise and leaves her body with the power of her yoga, choosing to take birth in another life as the daughter of a man who treated her kindly during her childhood, so that she may again marry her beloved Shiva. Essentially, Sati instantly achieves mahasamadhi, final liberation from the body, as she is a masterful yogini.

When Shiva discovers that Sati has left her body, and the reason for it, he flies into a rage and goes to destroy the sacrifice and Daksha. The sacrifice itself, fearing its destruction, turns into a deer pursued by Shiva throughout the heavens, and it finally enters the body of Sati. When Shiva sees Sati, he again becomes inconsolable with grief, and weeps continuously. He sees the gods approaching him, and not wanting to be seen or disturbed in this state, turns himself into the linga and abandons the world. The gods sing his praise and remind him of his yogic nature of non-attachment, to ask him to return to the worlds of gods and humankind, which desperately need him.

mahAdevaM sivaM sthANumugraM rudraM vRSadhvajaM | YmaYAnavAsinaM bhargaM sarvAntakaraNaM paraM || 55 tvAM namAmo vayaM bhaktyA YaGkaraM nIlalohitaM | girIYaM varadaM devaM bhUtabhAvanamavyayaM || 56 anAdimadhyasaMsArayogavidyAya Yambhave | namaH YivAya YantAya brahmaNe liGgamUrtaye || 57 jaTilAya giriYAya vidyAYaktidharAya te | namaH YivAya YAntAya brahmaNe liGgamUrtaye || 58 jJAnAmRtAntasampUrNaYuddhadehAntarAya ca | namaH YivAya YAntAya brahmaNe liGgamUrtaye || 59 AdimadhyAntabhUtAya svabhAvAnaladIptaye | namaH YivAya YAntAya brahmaNe liGgamUrtaye || 60 pralayANavaMsasthAya pralayasthitihetave | namaH YivAya YAntAya brahmaNe liGgamUrtaye || 61 yaH parebhyaH parastasmAt parAya paramAtmane | namaH YivAya YAntAya brahmaNe liGgamUrtaye || 62 jvAlAmAlAvRtAGgAya namaste viYvarUpiNe | namaH YivAya YAntAya brahmaNe liGgamUrtaye || 63 O namaH paramArthAya vedhase | namaH YivAya YAntAya brahmaNe liGgamUrtaye || 64 Namo dakSAyaNIkAnta mRDa Yarva maheYvara | Namaste sarvabhuteYa prasAda bhagavacchiva || 65 saYoke tvayi lokeYe ceSTamAne maheYvara | surAH samAkulAH sarve tasmAcchokaM parityaja || 66 namo namaste bhUteYa sarvakAraNakAraNa | prasIda rakSa naH sarvAstyaja Yokam namo’stute || 67

(Kalikapurana 18:55-67)

Translation

nepali-mandir-varanasi

Nepali Mandir, Varanasi, courtesy of Kulasundari Devi

O Great God, Auspicious One, Immovable One, Fierce One, Terrible One, Whose Symbol is the Bull, Source of Peace, Radiant One, the Dweller in the Cremation Ground, the Supreme Destroyer of All, the Blue-Blooded, Lord of the Mountain, the Source of All Creatures, the Bestower of Boons, the Eternal God! We adore you with devotion!

We adore the Cause of Joy, Who is without beginning, creation and existence and knowable only through meditation, Who is Shiva, free from passion, Who is Brahma, and in the shape of the linga.

We adore the Lord of the Mountain, the One with Matted Hair, Who is powerful with the power of knowledge, Who is Shiva, free from passion, Who is Brahma, and in the shape of the linga.

We adore Shiva, Whose body and mind are completely purified by the nectar of knowledge, Who resides within Himself, Who is Shiva, free from passion, Who is Brahma, and in the shape of the linga.

We adore Him, Who is the form of creation, preservation, and destruction, Who blazes like fire, Who is Shiva, free from passion, Who is Brahma, and in the shape of the linga.

We adore Him, Who resides in the ocean of deluge after the annihilation of the world, Who is the cause of dissolution and existence, Who is Shiva, free from passion, Who is Brahma, and in the shape of the linga.

We adore Him, Who is Supreme, greater than the Supreme and the Supreme soul Himself, Who is Shiva, free from passion, Who is Brahma, and in the shape of the linga.

We adore Him, Whose body is adorned by a garland of blazing fire, Who is the entire universe, Who is Shiva, free from passion, Who is Brahma, and in the shape of the linga.

We adore Him, Who is the highest object to be sought, illuminated by knowledge, the creator, Who is Shiva, free from passion, Who is Brahma, and in the shape of the linga.

We adore you, beloved of Dakshayani,  Gracious One, God of All, Great Lord, the Lord of Creatures! O Lord Shiva, be pleased with us.

O Great Lord! If You, the Lord of the World, move in grief, then all the gods become disturbed. Therefore, give up your sorrow.

O Lord of creatures! You are the cause of all causes, we adore you, be pleased with us, give up your sorrow and protect all of us.

Photo credit: Nandi Worshipping Lingam in Varanasi, courtesy of Kulasundari Devi